Anesthesiology is the field of medicine that deals with the temporary reduction or elimination of pain, typically so that a procedure can proceed with a great reduction or elimination of suffering by the patient. A doctor that specializes in this field is called an anesthesiologist.
The objective of an anesthesiologist’s job is to reach a state of anesthesia, which is the condition of eliminating or blocking sensation from a part of the body. It is achieved through pharmacological techniques that include, amnesia, analgesia, loss of responsiveness, loss of reflexes or more. Although anesthesiology’s main objective is the elimination of pain, it is also used in other situations that call for the blocking of sensation.
Many people confuse the term anesthesia with the drugs that are used to induce it, but this is a mistake. Anesthesia is the desired state and a drug that’s used to achieve it is called an anesthetic.
Anesthetics are powerful drugs that can cause serious side effects if not used correctly. That’s why specialist is needed to administer and manage the process. The anesthesiologist evaluates the patient’s health condition, special needs, allergies, as well as the depth of the procedure to prescribe the type and dose of the anesthetic that will achieve the desired effect while reducing the risks of complications as much as possible. The anesthesiologist will administer the anesthetic and monitor the patient’s progress during surgery and recovery.